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Carnival see other spellings and names is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. People wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Other common features of carnival include mock battles such as food fights; social satire and mockery of authorities; the grotesque casino xinzo de limia displaying exaggerated features, especially casino xinzo de limia noses, bellies, mouths, and phalli, or elements of animal bodies; abusive language and degrading acts; depictions of disease and gleeful death; and a general reversal of everyday rules and norms.

The term Carnival is traditionally used in areas with a large Catholic presence. However, the Philippinesa predominantly Roman Catholic country, does not celebrate Carnival anymore since the dissolution of the Manila Carnival afterthe last carnival in the country. This dates back to celebrations before the Advent season or with harvest celebrations of St.

The Latin -derived name of the holiday is sometimes also spelled Carnavaltypically in areas where DutchGermanFrenchSpanishand Portuguese are spoken, or Carnevale in Italian -speaking contexts. Alternative names are used for regional and local celebrations. The origin may be from the Italian word carne meat or carrus car. The former suggests an origin within Christianity, while the alternative links to earlier religions.

Folk etymologies [10] state that the word comes from the Late Latin expression carne valewhich means "farewell to meat", signifying the approaching fast. The word carne may also be translated as flesh, producing "a farewell to the flesh", a phrase embraced by certain carnival celebrants to embolden the festival's carefree spirit. However, this interpretation is not supported by philological casino xinzo de limia. The Italian carne levare is one possible origin, meaning "to remove meat", since meat is prohibited during Lent.

Other scholars argue for the origin from the Roman name for the festival of the Navigium Isidis "ship of Isis"where the image of Isis was carried to the seashore to bless the start of sailing season. From the anthropological point of view, carnival is a reversal ritual, in which social roles are reversed and norms about desired behavior are suspended.

Winter was thought of as the reign of the winter spirits; these needed to be driven out in order for the summer to return. Carnival can thus be regarded as a rite of passage from casino xinzo de limia to light, from winter to summer: Traditionally, a carnival feast was the last opportunity for casino xinzo de limia people to eat well, as there was typically a food shortage at the end of the winter as stores ran out.

Until spring produce was available, people were limited to the casino xinzo de limia necessary meals during this period. On what nowadays is called vastenavond the days before fasting casino xinzo de limia, all the remaining winter stores of lard, butter, and meat which were left would be eaten, for these would otherwise soon start to rot and decay.

The selected livestock had already been slaughtered in November and the meat would be no longer preservable. All the food that had survived the winter had to be eaten to assure that everyone was fed enough to survive casino xinzo de limia the coming spring would provide new food sources. Several Germanic tribes celebrated the returning of the daylight.

The winter would be driven out, to make sure that fertility could return in spring. Also, there are some indications that the effigy of Nerthus [15] or Freyr was placed on a ship with wheels and accompanied by a procession of people in animal disguise and men in women's clothes.

Tacitus wrote in his Germania: Ceterum nec cohibere parietibus deos neque in ullam humani oris speciem adsimulare ex magnitudine caelestium arbitrator — "The Germans, however, do not consider it consistent with the grandeur of celestial beings to confine the gods within walls, or to liken them to the form of any human countenance. Traditionally, the feast also was a time to indulge sexual desireswhich were supposed to be suppressed during the following fasting. In many Christian sermons and texts, the example of a vessel is used to explain Christian doctrine: The writings show that processions with ship-like casino xinzo de limia were held and lavish feasts were celebrated on the eve of Lent or the greeting of spring in the early Middle Ages.

The Catholic church condemned this "devilish debauchery" and "pagan rituals". As early as the yearthe First Council of Nicaea attempted to end these pagan festivals. The Lenten period of casino xinzo de limia liturgical calendarthe six weeks directly before Easterwas historically marked by fasting, study, and other pious or penitential practices.

During Lent, no parties or celebrations were held, and people refrained from eating rich foods, such as meat, dairy, fat, and sugar. The first three classes were often totally unavailable during this period because of late winter shortages.

While Christian festivals such as Corpus Christi were church-sanctioned celebrations, Carnival was also a manifestation of European folk culture. In the Christian tradition, the fasting is to commemorate the 40 days that Jesus fasted in the desertaccording to the New Testamentand also to reflect on Christian values.

It was a time for adult converts to prepare for baptism at Easter. As with other Christian festivals such as Christmaswhich was originally a pagan midwinter festival, the Christian church has found it easier to click the following article the pagan Carnaval into its religious tradition than to eliminate it.

Carnival in the Middle Ages took not just a few days, but almost the entire period between Christmas and the beginning of Lent. In those two months, Catholic populations used several Catholic holidays as an outlet for their daily frustrations. Many synods and councils attempted to set things "right". Caesarius of Arles — protested casino xinzo de limia CE in his sermons against the pagan practices. Centuries later, his statements were adapted as the building blocks of the Indiculus superstitionum et paganiarum "small index of superstitious and pagan practices"which was drafted by the Synod of Leptines in It condemned the Spurcalibus en februario.

Pope Gregory the Great — decided that fasting would start on Ash Wednesday. The whole Carnival event was set before the fasting, to set a clear division between the pagan and the Christian custom.

It was also the custom during Carnival that the ruling class would be mocked using masks and disguises. In the yearthe source in Leptines Leptines is located near Binche in Belgium spoke out furiously against the excesses in the month of February.

Gradually, the ecclesiastical authority began to realize that the desired result could not be attained by banning the traditions, which eventually led to a degree of Christianization. The festivities became part of the liturgy and the liturgical year. This web page forming an integral horseshoe casino reviews of the Christian calendar, particularly in Catholic regions, many Carnival traditions resemble those antedating Christianity.

The Saturnalia, in turn, may be based on the Laberge casino rouge Dionysia and Oriental festivals. While medieval pageants please click for source festivals such as Corpus Christi casino xinzo de limia church-sanctioned, Carnival was also a manifestation of medieval folk culture.

Many local Carnival customs are claimed to derive from local pre-Christian rituals, such as elaborate rites involving masked figures in the Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht. However, evidence is insufficient to establish a direct origin from Saturnalia or other ancient festivals. No complete accounts of Saturnalia survive, and the shared features of feasting, role reversals, temporary social equality, masks, and permitted rule-breaking do not necessarily constitute a coherent festival or link these festivals.

These similarities may represent a reservoir of cultural resources that can embody multiple meanings and functions. For example, Easter begins with the resurrection of Jesusfollowed by a liminal period, and ends with rebirth.

Carnival reverses this as King Carnival comes to life, and a liminal period follows before his death. Both feasts are calculated by the lunar calendar. Both Jesus and King Carnival may be seen as expiatory figures who make a casino xinzo de limia to the people with their deaths. In the case of Jesus, the gift is eternal life in heavenand in the case of King Carnival, the acknowledgement that death is a necessary casino xinzo de limia of the cycle of life.

Christ's passion is itself grotesque: Holy Week processions in Spain include crowds who vociferously insult the figure of Jesus. Irreverence, parody, degradation, and laughter at a tragicomic effigy of God can be seen as intensifications of the sacred order. Jews were forced to race naked through the streets of the city of Rome.

They ran… amid Rome's taunting shrieks and peals of laughter, while the Just click for source Father stood upon a richly ornamented balcony and laughed heartily," an eyewitness reports. Some of the best-known traditions, including carnal parades and masquerade ballswere first recorded хочешь golden tiger casino erfahrungen странных medieval Italy.

The Carnival of Venice was, for a long time, the most famous carnival although Napoleon abolished it in and only in was the tradition restored. In the early 19th century in the German Rhineland and Southern Netherlandsthe weakened medieval tradition also revived. Continuously in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, as part of casino xinzo de limia annual Saturnalia abuse of the carnival in Rome, rabbis of the ghetto were forced to march through the city streets wearing foolish guise, jeered upon and pelted by a variety of missiles from the crowd.

In the Rhineland inthe first modern Carnival parade took place in Cologne. Carnaval Fasching or Fastnacht in Germany mixed pagan traditions casino xinzo de limia Christian traditions. Pre-Lenten celebrations featured parades, costumes and masks to endure Lent's withdrawal from worldly pleasures. Other areas developed their casino xinzo de limia traditions.

In the United Kingdom, West Indian immigrants brought with them the traditions of Caribbean Carnival ; however, the Carnivals now casino xinzo de limia at Notting HillLeedsYorkshire, and other places became divorced from their religious origin and became secular events that take place in the summer months.

Interpretations of Carnival present it as a social institution that degrades or "uncrowns" the higher functions of thought, speech, and the soul by translating them into the grotesque bodywhich serves to online casino 888 88 pound no deposit society and the world, [3] as a release for impulses that threaten the social order that ultimately reinforces social norms, [31] as a link transformation, [32] or as a tool for different groups to focus attention on conflicts and incongruities by embodying them in "senseless" acts.

Carnival was introduced by Portuguese settlers. The celebration is celebrated on each of the archipelago's nine inhabited islands. It has imported various Brazilian carnival traditions. The Seychelles carnival began in It is held in the capital city of Victoria and takes place over three days.

On Day 1, the grand opening is held in the city center near the clock tower. The second day is parade day. On Day 3, the closing ceremony is held, and a lottery winner is announced. The Harare Carnival is held late in May. Events include fashion and music shows. The climax is a street party featuring costumes and music. Barbuda 's Carnival, held in June, is known as "Caribana". In Argentinathe most representative Carnival performed is the so-called Murgaalthough other famous Carnivals, more like Brazil's, are held in Argentine Mesopotamia and the North-East.

It adopts a musical background similar to Brazilian or Uruguayan Casino xinzo de limia. Corrientes is another city with a Carnival tradition. In all major cities and many towns throughout the country, Carnival is celebrated. As Carnival coincides with summer in the Southern Hemisphere, in many parts of Argentina children revel casino with water. The 19th century tradition of filling empty egg shells with water has evolved into water games that include the throwing of water balloons.

Carnival casino xinzo de limia Aruba means weeks of events that bring colourfully decorated floats, contagiously throbbing music, luxuriously costumed groups of celebrants of all ages, King and Queen elections, electrifying jump-ups and torchlight parades, the Jouvert morning: Aruba's biggest celebration is a month-long affair consisting of festive "jump-ups" casino xinzo de limia paradesspectacular parades, and creative contests.

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Carnival (see other spellings and names) is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. The main events typically occur.
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